García Jiménez, A., Catalina García, B., & Cruz López de Ayala, M. (2016).   ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTUBE: CREATION, PARTICIPATION AND CONSUMPTION. Revista Prisma Social, 60-89.

Sumiala, J., & Tikka, M. (2015). News rituals of participation: Negotiating temporalities, categories, and hierarchies of news-making on YouTube. Anthropological Notebooks, 21(3), 5-20.

Paek, H., Hove, T., & Jeon, J. (2012). Social Media for Message Testing: A Multilevel Approach to Linking Favorable Viewer Responses with Message, Producer, and Viewer Influence on YouTube. Conference Papers — International Communication Association, 1-34.

Chen, Chih-Ping. “Forming Digital Self and Parasocial Relationships on YouTube.” Journal of Consumer Culture, vol. 16, no. 1, Apr. 2014, pp. 232–254., doi:10.1177/1469540514521081.

Spizberg, Brian H, and William R Cupach. “Fanning the Flames of Fandom: Celebrity Worship, Parasocial Relationships, and Stalking.” Stalking, Threatening, and Attacking Public Figures, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Marwick, A. E. (2015). You May Know Me From YouTube: (Micro-) Celebrity in Social Media. In A Companion to Celebrity. John Wiley & Sons.

Fägersten, K. B. (2017). The role of swearing in creating an online persona: The case of YouTuber PewDiePie. Discourse, Context & Media, 18, 1-10. doi:10.1016/j.dcm.2017.04.002

Grimmelmann, James. “The Platform Is the Message.” SSRN: Cornell Law School, Georgetown Law Technology Review (Forthcoming), 8 Mar. 2018.

Lange, P. G., Ph.D. (2007). Commenting on Comments: Investigating Responses to Antagonism on YouTube. Annenberg Center for Communication.

Rodgers, G. (2017, May 03). Elvis Presley’s Death — What Really Killed the King? Retrieved from